1810. The North Queich Bridge repaired. "The South Queich Bridge

 was thought too far gone to waste repairs on it."

 Glenochel, a poem descriptive of remarkable objects in Kinross

 and Clackmannan shires published by J. Kennedy.

 "Tambouring and spinning at the spinning wheel" gave employment

 to a great many of the female population at this period.

 1811. The old bridge of three arches over the South Queich at the

 South end of the town built in 1687 by Sir William Bruce of Kinross

 House, was in a ruinous state, was condemned, ordered to be removed,

 and a new bridge built.

 Population of the parish of Kinross, 2214 souls; of the town,

 about 1550; of the parish of Portmoak, 1273; of the parish of Cleish,

 648; and of the parish of Orwell, 2172 souls; population of the town

 of Milnathort, 1199; of the county of Kinross, 7245.

 Rev. Dr Buchannan, minister of Kinross, commenced a process at

 law for the augmentation of his stipendnot settled until the year

 1825.

 The South Queich Bridge, when nearly finished, fell. Another

 Bridge ordered to be built.

 Much curiosity and speculation excited in Kinross as elsewhere,

 on the appearance and long continuance in sight of "the long-tailed

 comet."

 John Young, Esq. of Cleish, this year in connection with two

 smaller heritors on the Cleish side, and Lord Keith, acting for his

 daughter, Miss Mercer of Aldie, on the Fossoway side agreed to widen

 and deepen the Gairney water at Pow of Aldie. This part

 of the cut is 2875 yards in length, 22 feet wide at top, 6 feet at

 bottom and 6 feet deep, It has since 1811 been frequently cleaned and

 deepened. (See date 1820).

 1812. The Fife and Kinross-shire Bible Society instituted.

 Parish Church manse improved and repaired.
 
 

New South Queich Bridge
 
 

South Queich Bridgeof one archbuilt by Mr Pearson"a

 substantial structure which will be able to resist flood and wind for

 hundreds of years."

 An Obelisk about eight feet in height erected over the grave of

 Michael Bruce, bearing as an inscription merely the words Michael

 Bruce; born, March 27th 1746. Died 6th July 1767.

 Copy of the inscription afterwards cut on the obelisk:-

 "To the memory of Michael Bruce who was born at Kinnesswood in

 1746, and died while a student in connection with the Secession

 Church, in the 21st year of his age.

 Meek and gentle in spirit, sincere and unpretending in his

 christian deportment, refined in intellect, and elevated in

 character, he was greatly beloved by his friends, and won the esteem

 of all; while his genius, whose fire neither poverty nor sickness

 could quench, produced those odes unrivalled for simplicity and

 pathos which have shed an undying lustre on his name.

 Early, bright, transient, chaste as morning

 dew;

 He sparkled, and exhaled, and went to

 heaven."

 There are many places on the hill-side near Kinnesswood still

 pointed out where the amiable poet loved to rest and muse. It would

 seem that he had a partiality for elevated spots, no doubt to obtain

 extended views of "Leven's banks, hill, dale, and bloom

 ing fields." He delighted

 "To sit on rocks and muse o'er flood and

 field."

 A tourist, after visiting the poet's last resting place, shortly

 after the erection of his monument, has the following note inserted

 in his book "Farewell gentle Bruce, thou art another of the many

 instances on record that "the good die too soon while t

 he wicked live and burn to the socket,"

 "Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,

 And waste its sweetness in the desert air."

 The Kinross company of Local Militia presented a handsome Silver

 Snuff Box to Mr Skelton, their captaincost £1 11s 6d; and another to

 Mr Thompson, their Lieutenantcost £1 8s.

 "Many of the Salamanca soldiers, in a sorrowful state, on foot

 and in carts, pass through Kinross on their way to Perth depot."

 1813. "The weaving and shoemaking trades in Kinross and

 Milnathort very bad. Provisions high. Subscriptions raised to aid the

 needy."

 It appears there "existed considerable speculation and bad

 feeling" at this period regarding "the Glebe Case."

 1814. Rejoicings in Kinross, as elsewhere, on the receipt of the

 news of the fall of Paris"white cocades, shaking of hands, and

 shouting, was the order of the day."

 Severe winterlong continuance of frost; "the loch frozened, ice

 on it very thick. All the burns ice-bound, and the roads as hard as

 iron."

 Bad trade; many of the weavers and cutlers out of work.

 Typhus fever prevailed to a great extent in Kinross in the end

 of this yearmany deaths.

 1815. The "Kinross-shire Bank for Savings" instituted15th May.

 (See date 1833).

 Annual value of real property in Kinross County£25,805.

 The Steeple Bell re-founded; arrived in Kinross, 3d Aprilcost

 £112.

 The mill of Kinross builtsouth end of town.

 About twenty of the local Militia were ordered to Clackmannan to

 stand guard over a man who had been sentenced to be whipped at the

 cross there, tied on the back of a cart. The majority of the militia

 demurred.

 Battle of Waterloo rejoicings, as elsewhere, "every one elated

 at the victory and the prospects of a lasting peace." "Waterloo

 Bonnets from Crieff in great request."

 1816. "On 18th March, happened the greatest flood ever heard of

 or seen in Kinross; all the burns were brimfull; the South Queich

 water formed into a deep pool at the side of Queich Bridge from eight

 to ten feet deep. It took 400 loads of stones to fill i

 t up."

 On 13th August a smart shock of earthquake was felt throughout

 Kinross at 11 o'clock at night." Plates rattled on shelves; chairs

 moved about and were thrown over; beds shook, &c.

 "Wet and late harvest." During harvest the snow on four

 different occasions was from five to six inches deep.

 The Upper Arch of Rumbling Bridge built, in order to "raise the

 road-way, and give it an easier gradient." (See date 1713.)

 Note.From the Devon-Water to the road-way on the old bridge(lower

 arch) is 86 feet. The span of the arch is 22 feet and breadth 11

 feet. The height of the new arch built above the old one this year is

 34 feet. In all, from the parapet of the modern brid

 ge to the Devon below is 120 feet.

 1817. Mr Smith's stable, at the head of the town burnt to the

 ground.

 Trade of every description very bad.A subscription was

 made£100 collected to buy meal for 60 or 70 families who were very

 badly off. Some got 2 pecks, some 11/2 and some 1 peck per week for a

 considerable time.

 Burleigh Castle near Milnathort, had one of its towers, and part

 of a a wall blown down.

 Andrew Nicol, who for the last thirty years of his life had been

 celebrated "as an eccentric man, a man of renown," died this year.

 Chambers in his "Traditions of Edinburgh" has the following notice of

 him. "Andrew Nicol, who was at law thirty years abou

 t a midden-stead.Anglice, the situation of a dunghill. This person

 was a native of Kinross, a sensible-looking country-man, with a large

 flat blue bonnet, in which guise Kay has a very good portrait of him,

 displaying with chuckling pride a plan of his p

 recious midden-stead. He used to frequent the register house as well

 as the courts of law, and was encouraged in his foolish pursuits by

 the roguish clerks of that establishment, by whom he was denominated

 "Muck Andrew," in allusion to the object of his l

 itigation. This wretched being, after losing property and credit, and

 his own senses, in following a valueless phantom, died at last (1817)

 in Cupar Jail, where he was placed by one of his legal creditors."

 1818. According to a MS.statistical note the town of Kinross

 contained 2186 souls, and that there were 58 births 51 deaths.

 Weaving trade bad; many idle; bleak harvest-time; "hairst

 produce" below the average.

 A troop of Yeomanry raised in the end of this year.

 1819. The Kinross "Brotherly Society" instituted 4th January.

 William Monro, weaver from Glasgow, drowned while bathing in the

 west end of Lochleven.

 1820. Old King's birthday. The P.S. of a letter dated Kinross,

 June 11th refers to the King's birthday as held in Kinross, when

 "George the third was King"which is much about as it was held in

 other places. It says:"The glorious 4th of June has this yea

 r passed by for the first time these 60 years, unnoticed; like

 everything else it has had its day, but it has now came to an end,

 and is gone for ever. What a day of rejoicing this good old fourth of

 June was to our fathers and to ourselves; it did one go

 od to see the young following in the footsteps of their fathers,

 running about collecting coals for Baa'l-fires; gathering the yellow

 broom and all manner of flowers for the decoration of conspicuous

 places; firing of pop-cannons, of old keys, pe-a-oys, s

 quibs, and sky-rockets. Oh! the glorious 4th of June, thou art now a

 thing of the past." This Kinrossean appears to have had a minute and

 a vivid recollection of the "good old day" and to have been an ardent

 admirer of the "guid auld times."

 In the month of June this year, about 400 English and Scotch

 silver coins were found below the soil on the lands of Coldon, (about

 two miles S.S.E. of Kinross.) When found they were covered with a

 black coating, much darker than the earth in which it lay

 . Those of England were what are known as silver pennies, of the

 reigns of Edwards 1st and 2nd, round the circumference of these were

 the names of the mints at which they were struck, viz;London,

 Canterbury, York, Durham, Lincoln, and Dublin; and on the

 reverse side the name of the minter, Robert de Hadeleir. The Scotch

 coins were those of Alexander 3d and John Baliol, around the

 circumference of these were "Alexander Dei Gra." and "Johnnes Dei

 Gra," and on their reverses "Rex Scotorum," and four stars.

 These coins belong to the period 1260-1327. (See date 1301.)

 Mr Young of Cleish, and Mr Colville of Mawmill, deepened the

 water of Gairney which divides their estates. "At one part of the

 cutting a vein of black gravel was foundthe water from which

 produced inflammation and swelling in the hands and feet of the l

 abourers, so that they had to suspend work. The gravel was afterwards

 examined and found to contain iron. This part of the cut is 1841

 yards in length; 18 feet broad at top, 6 feet at bottom; and 6 feet

 deep.

 The cutlery trade of Kinross became extinct, after having

 continued in the town since circa 1696. This trade seems to have

 reached its culminating point in 1765. (See date 1827.)

 1821. Population of the county of Kinross, 7762; of the town and

 parish, 2563; of the parish of Cleish, 673; of the parish of Orwell,

 1477; of the parish of Portmoak, 1354.

 The deepening of the Gairney water completed towards the end of

 the year.

 Mr John Taylor, parish schoolmaster of Kinross, died 18th Nov.

 after a schola-regum of 49 years.

 1822. On trenching a piece of ground near "the Gallows-knowe,"

 Lathro, twelve graves were found. No doubt the bones dug up were of

 those who had been by feudal or regalety law"hangit to deith" on

 Lathro "kindly gallows."

 A large pike landed from the lochthe largest ever fished up

 here. It weighed 411/2 1bs.

 Gairney Bridge building this year; when nearly finished it fell;

 eight of the workmen were badly hurt; £70 subscribed for their

 relief; a new bridge ordered to be built.

 1823. Great fall of snowcontinued snowing for 4 daysat the end

 of the 4th day the average depth of snow in Kinross was 6 feet, in

 drifted places 18 feet. The roads were impassible for 8 days. There

 were 8 mailguards "storm-staide" in Kinross at same tim

 e. About 500 persons were employed for a week in "casting the snow

 off the roads"during which time "what was cut and cast off the one

 day was on the next filled with snow and drift."Feb., 1-5th.

 A farm servant belonging to Balgedie was found stiff dead on the

 icenorth side of the Loch. He had lost his way south of Orwell

 House.Feb. 9th.

 Cleish road completely blocked up with snow for 22 dayscleared

 for traffic on Feb. 27th.

 Gairney new bridge rebuilt "in a more substantial manner." (See

 date 1822.)

 A new Parish School and School-house built in Kinross.

 Paper Mill, Crook of Devon, commenced operations. The building

 was previously a lint mill.

 1824. A house of 4 stories, west end of Kinross, burnt to the

 ground; £70 subscribed for the relief of the families "burnt out."

 "Kinross Meal Society" established, 8th Dec.; Shares, 2s 5d

 each.

 1825. The "Process at Law," at the instance of the Rev. Dr

 Buchannan, minister of Kinross, settled this year after 14 years

 litigation.(See 1811.) Result"He established his claim to grass for

 a horse and two cows, and five acres of ground worth £40 per

 annum added to his glebe."

 Kinross County Hall, &c., founded and commenced building.

 A fire broke out in the bark-kiln of Mr Robert Blackwood,

 tannerdamage done to the extent of £100.

 "There were 1 mail and 4 stagecoaches which ran through

 Kinross19th Oct.this year."

 1826. Kinross County and Public Jail built partly in 1825 and

 1826, was finished this year at a cost of £2000, of which sum

 Government paid £750. The remainder was raised by a voluntary

 assessment from the heritors of the county according to the old value

 d rental. The building has 2 apartments for the Sheriff-Clerk, 1

 Record-room and safe, 1 Court-room, 1 Witness-room, 3 Debtor's rooms,

 2 cells, and a guard-room. The County Hall has a handsome front

 looking west, and is adorned with a clock.

 A very warm summer. No rain for 63 days. The farmers had for

 some time to drive water 5 and 6 miles for their cattle. The grass

 was burnt up; hay sold at 1s 6d per stone; Rain came on 20th July;

 the harvest had been begun; many hundreds of acres were rea

 ped by plucking, the corn being only about six inches above the

 ground, and therefore could not be sheared; wheat and potatoes were

 good crops. Meal could hardly be got for want of water to drive the

 mills."

 1827. Michael White, last of the race of "Kinross cutlers;" died

 in Dunfermline this year.

 Great fall of Snowcontinued for 2 days; 200 men employed at

 "castin the roads." Mr James Foote, manufacturer, Kinross, not making

 his appearance from Dunfermline, where he had gone on business, 50

 men went in search of him over Cleish Hills, where he wa

 s found frozen to death. (7th, 8th, 9th March.) A second greater fall

 of snowend of April. 300 men soon cleared the road.

 1828. Auchmuir brig, east end of Lochleven, rebuilt.On the old

 bridge there was a stone with the following on it:

 "Ken ye this bridge wi' a' its larges;

 Was built at Balbedies' proper charges;

 Let no man o' Balbedie's fa' boast,

 Quhile this brig serves him at Balbedies cost."

 The "Kinross Wheaten Bread Society" establishedentry money 7s

 6d per share.

 The "drainage of Lochleven commenced early this year, employing

 a great number of hands."

 Map of the Counties of Fife and Kinross published by Messrs

 Sharp, Greenwood, and Fowlerof great accuracy. (p 72)

 1829. "In the mouth of April this year, some labourers employed

 by John W. Williamson. Esq., banker, Kinross, while digging on his

 grounds at West Green, found, about two feet below the surface

 imbedded in what appeared to be travelled earth, an ancient s

 eal of pure old gold, of a circular shape, eight tenths of an inch in

 diameter, and two tenths of an inch thick. It has two small wings

 also of gold, joined to the centre by a neat hinge, which folds flat

 on the upper side of the seal, and when raised ser

 ves as a handle. This curious piece of workmanship weighs 493 grains,

 (1oz. 13 grains). It has engraved on it the royal arms of Scotland,

 impaled on the dexter side, with those of England on the sinister.

 This seal, shortly after it was found, was shown t

 o Sir Walter Scott and other antiquaries, and they were of opinion

 that this "find," was the personal seal of James IV. Latterly, some

 eminent antiquaries have come to the conclusion that it is the seal

 of Joan, queen of JamesI, (A.D. 1423ð1436) and to ha

 ve been lost at Kinross during "a royal progress" between Falkland

 and Stirling, or Perth and Dunfermline. The seal is still in the

 possession of Mr Williamson. (1872).

 "A heckler from Leslie drowned in the north side of Lochleven,

 while bathing on Sunday 1st June."*

 The fishermen of Lochleven "found the corpse of Arthur Conley, a

 pedlar, in their nets," at the west-end of Lochleven.

 The Green-Inn built. John Fraser, a barrow man, killed while

 taking down the old walls.

 1830. The new house and bank founded in 1829 by John Williamson,

 Esq., Kinross, finished, and bank opened.*

 The ruin of St Serf's priory, St Serf's Isle, converted into "a

 house for sheltering cattle, to which were added a chimney-stalk and

 fireplace." An antiquary, referring to this modern innovation, says -

 "What desecration! Enough to make the very stones c

 ry out:ð

 "To what vile uses are we come at last."

 At same time while clearing away the rubbish inside the old

 walls the ancient baptismal font, in a mutilated state was

 discovered; as also, the upper stone of quern or hand-mill,having a

 small round hole in the centre, and one for the handle a little way

 down. Rev. Dr Gordon, Glasgow, made a very fine drawing of these

 ruins this year, and had an engraving made from it for his

 "Monasticon."(p 11)

 View of "Lokhleven Castle from Kinross," very fine viewðengraved

 by Lacey, and published by Jones, London, Oct 16.

 The operations for lowering the water of Lochleven were

 completed in the month of December this year. Previous to the

 drainage, the area of the surface of the Loch extended to 4638

 imperial acres; the drainage operations reduced it to 3543 acres ð

 thus g

 aining from the Loch 1095 acres. The circuit of the Loch has thus

 been reduced from 141/2 miles to 12 miles, and in depth from 18 to 14

 feet. This drainage operation has, it is understood, not come up to

 the expectations of its promoters.

 Two copper coins, much mutilated, found on St Serf's Isle. Now

 in the possession of David Marshall, tacksman of the Lochleven

 Fishings.

 1831. Population of the parish of Kinross, 2927; of the town

 about 2200ðthus leaving 727 for the rest of the parish; of Portmoak,

 1495; of Cleish, 681; of the Parish of Orwell,1772; and of the County

 of Kinross, 9072.

 1832. Kinross New Parish Church built and opened for divine

 service 11th March, Cost £1537 11s 6d. Architect, Mr George Angus.

 Cleish Church burnt 11th March. This was the church that was

 built in 1775. The stove pipe became over-heated and set fire to the

 wall plates. It was rebuilt immediately thereafter.

 Cholera "reached Kinross and district; and a great many of all

 ages died of the fell malady".

 An old lead-bullet, weighing 81/2 ozs. was found near Lochleven

 Castleð the only lead-bullet ever found in this vicinity.

 Kinross-shire Agricultural Society Show held at Kinross, Aug.

 6th, but owing to the backward state of the haymarket there were but

 few spectators with a meagre show of stock.

 1833. Savings Bank wound up and dissolved , after an existence of

 about 18 years - January 1.

 "Lochleven fishings, which had for some time before this year

 been let at £230 per annum was reduced to £204, in consequence of an

 estimated deterioration by "the improvements at the outlets of the

 Loch."

 1834. There were 394 weavers in Kinross:- working for the

 Dunfermline and Glasgow manufacturers.

 A New School erected at Scotlandwell- the one built in 1777

 having become too small.

 The horns of a stagg, of "extraordinary size, found in the

 parish of Portmoak in a land water-run."

 In Chamber's "Gazetteer of Scotland," published this year, there

 was an abbreviated though good account of Kinross and county; and an

 elaborate description of Lochleven.

 There were taken from Nivingstone Quarry this year 14,000 feet

 of stone for hewing at 3d a foot.

 Robert Low left the church to walk on ice, to the Castle. In his

 progress the ice gave way, he fell into water 15 feet deep, and was

 drownedð28th December.

 1835."John More got a heavy fall on the ice on the loch, which caused

 his death the same day". ð 13th January.

 Kinross Gas Company formed, 23d March, called the Kinross and

 Milnathort Gas Company. Number of shares, 500, held by 134 persons £5

 each.

 Charles Adam, Esq. of Blairadam, received the honour of

 knighthood from King William IV.

 Several trees, reported traditionally to be some centuries old,

 standing between Lethangie and Lochleven, were this year blown down

 during a violent gale of wind.

 1836. Gas works erected between Kinross and Milnathort, gas

 introduced into both towns.

 There were this year 25 proprietors of land in Kinross-shire of

 the value of £50 per annum.

 Total and annular Eclipse of the sun on Sunday afternoon at 3

 o'clock; churches closed: great interest excited at the singular and

 splendid sight.

 1837. Weights and Measures altered from "old use and wont" to the

 Imperial, legal notice of which arrived in Kinross and immediately

 acted on.

 Four young men went into a boat on the loch for a sail, the wind

 became high and strong, and as none of them were able to manage the

 boat, it capsized to the north of the castle and they were all

 drowned. After 8 days dragging with hooks the bodies were

 recovered.

 Kinross New Provident Institution establishedðMay.

 A small volume published, entitledð "Lochleven, and other

 poems," by Michael Bruce, with a life of the author from original

 sources, by the Rev. William Mackelvie, Balgedie, Kinross-shire.

 Published by M. Paterson, Edin.

 1838. Old spear heads and part of a shield found in a cut for

 draining the LochðPortmoak parish.

 Alex. Clephane, Esq., Sheriff of Fife Shire, died at Kirkness

 House, August 11, in his 60th year.

 Valued rent of the parish Kinross, £9175 sterling.

 "A fire broke out in the Bark Mill of Robert Blackwood, tanner;

 it was burnt to the ground. ð 14th Oct.

 A statistical account shows that there were 22 thrashing mills

 in the parish this year.

 1839. The Right Honourable William Adam, Lord Chief Commissioner

 of the Jury Court, and Lord Lieutenant of Kinross-shire, died 7th

 Feb, aged 88.

 Milnathort Female Charity Society distributed during the past

 winter 40 cartloads of coal amongst the poor, and also some clothing.

 Some old men also were sharers of the bounty.

 Educational Soiree held on 6th Feb. in Rev. Mr Leslie's

 meeting-house, Milnathort, when upwards of 600 persons attended. The

 Rev. Dr Hay of Kinross attended the meeting, and spoke of the

 absolute necessity of and for a national system of education, havin

 g religion as the substratum. The meeting was afterwards addressed by

 Messrs Shaw, Guthrie, Robertson, Scott, and Graham, divinity

 students.

 A groat (silver) of David 2d (temp 1329-1371), and a Hardhead

 or Lion of Queen Mary (1542-1568) found on the Castle Island now in

 the possession of David Marshall, tacksman of the Lochleven fishings.

 The ministers of the four parishes of the county of Kinross

 wrote notices of their respective parishes in April this year, for

 "The New Statistical Accounts of Scotland." The Parish of Kinrossð27

 pages by Rev. Dr G. Buchannan; of the parish of Portmoakðe

 ight pages by Rev. Dr Laird; the parish of Cleishð14 pages by Rev. Mr

 Duncan; and parish of Orwellð18 pages, 8 mo., by Rev. Mr Wemyss.

 Tullibole, Cleish, and Lochrane grass parks were let this year

 at an average of £2 16s an acre.

 Crook of Devon village library established by Alexander

 Wallace,of the Store there.

 The Kinross "Tartan Manufactory" established.

 The number of woollen weavers in Kinross and Milnathort, of all

 ages, was in the spring of this year estimated at 350.

 The Lochleven fishings let on a 6 years lease, at £204 a year.

 At the examination of schools in Cleish parish, the number

 attending the Parish School was found to be 65; that in Maryburgh,

 81; in Gairney bridge, 30. There were 28 scholars at this latter

 school in 1765.

 "Musical Festival" held on an extensive scale in the

 picture-gallery in Kinross House, in aid of the funds of the Kinross

 "Steeple Committee," and was attended by upwards of 700 persons,

 Messrs Air, Shields, and Halliday, of the Dunfermline Harmonist Soc

 iety, were engaged;and Messrs Tweedie and Henderson and an amateur,

 gave gratuitous assistance. The Kinross Instrumental Band was also

 present. About £30 collected.

 Kinross Tee-total Society established in January this year;

 members about 300.

 Number of inhabited houses and subdivided in Kinross this year,

 566; of these 26 unlet, and 5 in ruins.

 ShopbreakingðMr W. Shaw's shop broken into and goods to a

 considerable amount stolenðthe thieves never discovered.

 West Tillyochie Loom Mill taken in lease by one of the Tartan

 Manufacturing Companies for the carding and spinning of wool on an

 extensive scale.

 1840. Unappropriated teinds in the parish of Kinross to the

 amount of £115 16s 9d.

 Constituency of Kinross-shire 498.

 Annual value of real property in Kinross parish estimated at

 £38,000.

 1841. Population of the county of Kinross, 8763.

 Kinross New Town Hall built on the site of the Old Parish

 Church.*

 1842. The Queen, Prince Albert, and suite, pass through the

 county on their way to BalmoralðSep. 16th. Splendid day ;ð according

 to a notice of the period, "There were at least 10,000 spectators on

 the line of road between the south of Kinross and the nor

 th of Milnathort." The Queen, in her charming little work, "Leaves

 from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands," notices her drive

 through Kinross-shire thus :ð

 "Tuesday, September 6. ð At a quarter past one we entered

 Kinross-shire. Soon after, the country grew prettier, and the hills

 appeared again, partly wooded. We passed Lochleven, and saw the

 Castle on the Lake, from which poor Queen Mary escaped.There the

 country is rather flat, and the hills are only on the side. We

 changed horses next at Kinross. Soon after this, the mountains, which

 are rather barren, began to appear. There we passed the valley of

 Glenfarg; the hills are very high on each side, and com

 pletely wooded down to the bottom of the valley, where a small stream

 runs on one side of the roadðit is really lovely."

 "A boy and stranger man drowned in Lochleven."

 Rev. Dr Hay, Secession Church, Kinross ðJubilee held 8th August.

 1843 "Jan 7.1.ðPrice of provisions &c., as follows:ð Beef 3d to 6d

 per pound; Mutton. 3d to 4d; pork, 31/2; Lochleven trout, 1s to 1s 6d

 per lb; Butter, 8d; Eggs, 10d per dozen; fine quartern loaf, 6d;

 small haddocks, from 3d to 4d per dozen."

 "On the first Sunday of 1843 the three clergymen in

 Kinross,viz, Rev. Mr Tannoch, Rev. Dr Hay, and Rev. Mr Leishmanby a

 singular coincidence discoursed from the same chapter, viz., Exodus,

 10th chapter. Mr Tannoch lectured from the whole chapter, while

 Dr Hay and Mr Leishman chose for their text the second verse.

 "On the first Sunday of this year Fossoway Manse was broken into

 during divine service, and along with articles stolen was a deposit

 receipt for £280 on the Bank of Scotland, in favour of the Rev. Mr

 Brydie (the minister) in behoof of the poor of the par

 ish. The culprit, named Brown, was shortly afterwards apprehended in

 Edinburgh, with the deposit receipt in his possession.He was brought

 to Kinross Jail, from which he escaped by making an opening in the

 ceiling of his cell to the belfry, from whence he

 broke through the ceiling of the Court Room, making his exit by one

 of the Court Room windows. He was re-captured the same day in a house

 in Glendevon.

 "A byre and a barn at Black Knowes, Gairney Bridge, destroyed by

 fireðcaused by sparks from a neighbouring smithy.

 "The curling Pond at the Myre, constructed in January this year.

 "Free Church anticipated. A church meeting held in Kinross Town

 Hall, when between 300 and 400 persons were present, for the purpose

 of hearing addresses by a deputation from the Convocation at

 Edinburgh. On the platform were the Revs. Messrs Milne, Pert

 h; Brydie, Fossoway; Thomson, Muckart; Duncan, Cleish. D. M. Magill

 Crichton, Esq. of Rankeillor;J. Henderson, Esq., of Turfhills;Joseph

 Hardie, Esq., Dr Annan, &c.,Kinross. Feb. 23rd.

 "Mr Mainzer, the celebrated teacher of, and lecturer on Music ð

 Singing for the Million, visited Kinross and held a meeting in the

 Established Church. There was a very large assembly from all parts of

 the County. March 13.

 "Sir William Jardine and Mr James Williamson, the celebrated

 naturalists, visited Kinross, and enjoyed two days fishing on the

 Loch ð fishing with a view to the more completed elucidation of the

 natural history of Lochleven trout. They attempted to secu

 re the missing and delicate charr or gelly trough, but were

 unsuccessfulðApril 13.

 "The tolls on the Great North Road between Freartown and

 Burntisland let for £3995 for 1843-44 April 19th.

 "Free Church open air meeting. A meeting, estimated at about

 1600 persons, was held in a field at Turfhills, near Kinross, at

 which the Rev. Dr Candlish, Dr Laird, of Portmoak; and Rev. Mr

 Alexander, of Kirkcaldy; and the Rev. Mr Wood, of Westruther, del

 ivered addresses and formed an Association ,in the event of a

 disruption in the Church of Scotland taking place.Mr Laird, banker,

 acted as Secretary, and intimated that donations and weekly

 subscriptions of about £100 had already been subscribed. May 3d.

 On Sabbath, 28th May, the first Free Church meeting was held in the

 Town Hall of Kinross. At both forenoon and afternoon services "there

 were overflowing audiences." The Rev. Mr Logan, of Lesmahagow,

 officiated and preached from John, xx1. chap., 17 verse

 .

 "A fancy Bazaar held in the Picture Gallery of Kinross House,

 for the benefit of the poorð principally got up through the

 benevolent exertions of Mrs Robert Montgomery. The sum taken amounted

 to about £60. Aug. 3d.

 "Rev. Dr Hay's Jubilee held on August 5th, when an elegant

 silver claret jug and massive salver were presented to him, and a

 handsome salver to Mrs Hay. The value of these presentations cost

 about £75. In the afternoon a public dinner was also given to h

 im, which was largely attended by ministers and others from

 distances.

 "On Sabbath, September 3, a boy named Thomson, belonging to

 Dunfermline, a hawker of tracts, was drowned in Lochleven, near to

 the old church, while bathing.

 "The foundation stone of Kinross Free Church laid Sept. 6th, in

 presence of the Free Church Committee and a considerable assemblage

 of the inhabitants. Mr Joseph Hardie deposited a copy of the Witness,

 Perthshire, and Fife Sentinel newspaper, together wi

 th the Act of Separation and other records.

 "Free Church at Crook-of-Devon (New Fossoway) building.

 1844. "Kinross Corn Market established 24th Jan at 12 o'clock

 when the steeple bell rang, and then business commenced.

 "Experiments made to preserve Lochleven trout fresh for

 monthsðwith success. A can of the trout experimented on was opened

 after a lapse of three months. They were found to be quite

 fresh.ðFeb.1.

 "Mild winterðscarcely any ice. Only one day's sport enjoyed on

 Lochleven during the whole season.

 "The Free Church of Kinross built 17th Feb. April 2 Rev. Mr

 Wright ordained minister, first ordination in Kinross for 40 years.

 "Corn Market Dinnerðfirst one held in Kinross, "when friends of

 the new market mustered strong." J. Henderson, Esq., Turfhills,

 officiated as chairman, supported by Rev. Mr Tannoch, Messrs

 Flockhart, of Annafriech; Reid, of Eastbank; Tod, West Brackly; &

 c. The dinner was supplied by Mrs Lambert, East Damside Inn.

 "The Prince Royal of Denmark visited Lochleven Castle on his way

 to the North.

 "Sir G. Montgomery of Kinross House attained his majority, when

 a public dinner was partaken of in the Kirkland's Inn, in honour of

 the occasion. Charles Steins Esq.of Huttonburn, Convener in the

 County, officiated as chairman, and Mr Beveridge, Kinnesto

 n, and Mr Williamson, Kinross, as croupiers.

 "Rejoicing and fete at Kinross House, July 17th , when thousands

 turned out to give a hearty welcome to G. Graham Montgomery on his

 first visit to Kinross after obtaining his majority. The tenants

 feuars and others, to the amount of 500, were invited to

 an entertainment on the lawn, in a large pavilion in front of the

 Kinross House.Triumphal arches were thrown across the street in

 various parts of Kinross, and amusements provided for the people on

 the grounds ðsuch as foot-ball, racing, climbing the pole

 , &c. A procession was marshalled by Dr Annan to Kinross Green, when

 the Hammerman and Weavers' standards were hoisted.The Kinross and

 Milnathort Instrumental Bands, accompanied by tenants, feuars &c.

 marched off to Goudyranet. where Sir Graham's carriage

 was metðin which were himself and his brotherðwhen loud and heavy

 cheering was prolonged all the way to Kinross. The entertainment

 broke up about nine o'clock, after escorting Sir Graham into

 Kirkland's Hotel, and giving him three cheers. At Thomanean a

 long bonfire was lighted up, and whisky-toddy porter, and bread were

 liberally supplied to several hundred persons, and here "the fun was

 kept up to an early hourðthat is, beyond the late one, into the wee

 short hours ayout twal". Some, like their forefat

 hers of old, took to the heather for beds, having the blue canopy

 above for their curtains!"

 "An old steel dagger, fully a foot in length, with part of a

 wooded handle attached, was found on August 29th, by the son of a

 Kirkcaldy manufacturer, near the margin of the loch, at a point of

 land nearest the Castle, on the west sideðnot far from where

 the bunch of antique keys were found in 1805.

 1845. "The year opens with bleak weather but mild ð little or no

 strong ice on the Loch; the curlers despair of having their roaring

 games."

 "Rev. William Peters ordained minister of the parish of Kinross.

 Meeting of Kinross Parochial Board. The "vexed" question of the

 Hayfield mortification again before the meeting.

 "Fine large water-colour views of Lochleven Castle and St Serfs

 Isle and Priory done by John B. Reid, artist.

 Sir Graham G. Montgomery, of Kinross House had a Crown Charter

 of Confirmation granted to him confirming his right to the Barony of

 Kinross Lands, Castle, Lake, and fishings. Dated 5th June, 1845;

 sealed, 16 Sep. 1845.

 "Potato-crop" found to be a disastrous failure, not only in

 Kinross district, but throughout the whole country, including

 Ireland. Collections in Kinross, Milnathort, &c. in aid of the

 suffering Irish in Ireland.

 "Harvest plentiful, but in bad condition; turnip crop an

 average. Harvest late in Kinross-shire, as in many other places.

 Farmers grumbling very much."

 Much political discussion in Kinross, &c., and elsewhere, in

 consequence of the sudden and somewhat startling changes of the

 "political barometer." Lord John Russell and Sir Robert Peel out an'

 in the office, called and recalled to it within a period of

 twelve days.

 The Auld Hansel Monday festival under discussion in Kinross, &.,

 but neither the festival holders in Kinross or in Milnathort can

 agree as to the propriety of abolishing so "sacred a day."

 1846. Kinross Horticultural Society instituted, and shortly

 afterwards there was an exhibition of garden produce in the Town

 Hall.

 Kinross Spinning Company formed, and their mill built,ðsouth end

 of town.

 Great storms of winds in Marchðmuch damage done to houses, trees

 &c., throughout the country. Kinross-shire had not been visited by

 such a continuous run of wind storms for many years.

 The Exchequer made formal demand on J.W. Williamson, Esq.,

 Kinross Green, for the Royal relic the signet seal found on his

 property in 1829. This year (1846) Mr Williamson presented a memorial

 to the Lords of the Treasury, showing his peculiar right to r

 etain the relic. After some trouble, Mr W. succeeded in obtaining a

 grant for it from their lordshipsremitting the right of the Crown in

 his favour.ð(Vide date 1829.)

 Railway mania, as in other places, at "great height and feverish

 feeling" in Kinross, &c. "Railway speculations and railways to

 anywhere and everywhere engrossed all the public talkno room for

 anything else."

 "Wet autumn; much thunder; early corn well harvested; much of

 the late corn injured; Kinross fiars prices rise as elsewhere.

 Abolition of the Corn Laws ; grand processions in Kinross,

 Milnathort, &c., in commemoration of the event. "In Kinross,

 triumphal arches were thrown across the streets at several places.

 Display of flags. Instrumental Band paraded the streets. Large meet

 ing in the Town Hall when a great business in speechifying was done."

 Meeting of the Trustees of the Great North Road in Kirkland's

 Hotel.

 "Great storm of windquite a hurricane, but of short

 continuance, followed by a deluge of rain. Roofs of houses,

 chimney-pots, and trees throughout the county of Kinross suffered

 much from this gale.

 Extraordinary flock of wild white geese, from the Bass Rock,

 flying about the Island of Lochleven. Through the day journeying

 westward, and returning to the Island in the afternoon. Thought to be

 indicative of a severe winter.

 1847. "Kinross-shire Advertiser"first number of it published,

 Feb 20.

 Kinnesswood parchment manufactory. Early this year it was

 discovered that for upwards of 300 years the "Old Scottish Record,"

 or Chancery, had been supplied with parchment and vellum from

 Kinnesswood ð Portmoak Parishðas was proved by the testimony of an

 official from the Chancery Office, and corroborated by a written

 document of date 1530, which was in possession of the late Mr Robert

 Birrell.

 Great darkness accompanied with thunder and rainð23rd April.

 Extreme darkness lasted from 12.30 till 1 o'clock. "The lessons in

 the schools, were suddenly stopped. Gas had to be lighted in the

 houses and shops for half an hour."

 The late Robert Low, Esq., of Fordel, Kinross-shire, by deed of

 settlement bequeathed to the Edinburgh Bible Society, £200.

 Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adam of Blairadam, presented by the

 Queen to the Governorship of Greenwich Hospital.

 Kinross Spinning Company's Mill "commenced spinning in June this

 year."

 Messrs Thomson &Co.'s factory, in Swan's Acre, commenced

 building in June this year.

 "Great rejoicing at Blairadam. A dinner given there by

 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Adam, on the occasion of his having finished

 repairs and improvements on Blairadam House, as also on account of

 his having received the appointment of the Governorship of Gre

 enwich Hospital. Aug. 21.

 A number of the friends of Mr John Beveridge, Milnathortone of

 the oldest and most respected of its residenters presented him with

 his portrait, the expenses of which had been defrayed by public

 subscription.

 "Rev. Mr Leslie, minister of the U.P. congregation, Milnathort,

 was presented with his portrait as a mark of esteem and regard, 25th

 Aug. Expense of which was defrayed by public subscription. On the

 gilded tablet attached to the frame there is the follow

 ing inscription:ð

 "A gold chain and this portrait were presented by the United

 Presbyterian Church at Milnathort, to the Rev. Alexander Wilkie

 Leslie, their pastor in testimony of high regard, and on the expiry

 of the fortieth year of his ministry. Aug. 25, 1847."

 The ladies, & c., of the congregation of the Parish Church,

 presented their pastor, the Rev. Mr Peters, with a silk gown and

 cassock, as also a handsome Family Bible. The surplus money was

 expended in the purchase of a gown for the precentor.

 Free Church School, Kinross, opened on 11th Oct. James Hogg,

 master.

 Aurora Borealis. Splendid display of this interesting meteor on

 Sunday evening, 7th November, between nine and ten o'clock.

 General Morison, M.P. (county member), entertained several of

 his friends and supporters to dinner in Kirkland's Hotel. On the

 right and left of the General were Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adam and

 the Rev.Dr Hay. J.W. Williamson, Esq., croupier, supported

 by Messrs Reddie and Thomson. "Nothing could exceed the harmony of

 this enjoyable meeting." Nov. 24.

 "Typhus, scarlet fever, &c., very prevalent among the young at

 this period in Kinross. In one of the schools half of the scholars

 were absent by having been seized with either of these maladies."

 Oct,ðNov.

 The North Mail Coaches ceased to run through Kinross on Dec.

 22nd. Mail by railway after this date.

 "Messrs Thomson & Co.'s Weaving Factory commenced work on 31st.

 Dec."

 1848. CarnboðA concert held in the District School hereðwell

 attended.

 The weatherðStrong frost set in on Jan. 7th-20th; on 25th

 Lochleven nearly covered with iceðthermometer as low as 15 deg.

 Greenwich time adopted in Kinross &c., as has been done

 throughout the country. The suddenness of the change took many by

 surprise.

 Kinross County Ball. This Ball, which for many years has been

 accustomed to be held in this country, on every alternate year, and

 occasionally oftener, took place this year in Kirkland's Hotel on

 Feb. 18thðabout 100 ladies and gentlemen present.
 
 

Kirkland's Hotel
 
 

Woollen trade in Kinross, &c., very dull; many of the weavers

 idle.

 County subscription for procuring work for unemployed. Admiral

 Sir Charles Adam in the chair. About 400 persons in Kinross out of

 employment. Several gentlemen present headed the contribution list

 with sums of £25 each. April.

 "The members of the second U.P. Church, Kinross, presented their

 Pastor, the Rev. Mr Leishman, with an elegant purse, containing

 twenty-seven sovereigns, as a small token of the high esteem and

 regard which they entertained for him as their minister duri

 ng the long period which he had laboured amongst them. 7th July.

 Presentation to Mr Craig, teacher, Cleish, 23rd Sept. "On the

 23rd inst., a very handsome Silver Tea Service, consisting of

 Tea-pot, Cream-ewer, Sugar-basin and Tongs, along with a beautiful

 Cake-basket were presented to Mr Craig, bearing the following i

 nscription;ð

 'Presented to Mr Craig, parochial teacher of Cleish, by the

 parishioners and others who have received the benefit of his

 instructions, as a memorial of their high esteem for him as a

 scholar, friend, and teacher. Cleish, 23rd September, 1848."

 Rev. John Wright, of the Free Church Kinross, on occasion of his

 removal to his new manse, the members of his congregation, &c.,

 subscribed upwards of £40, and purchased for him a complete set of

 handsome dining-room furniture, which was duly presented t

 o him Nov, 1848.

 Heavy gale of wind in Kinross, &c.,15th Dec. About 8 o'clock in

 the evening of this day "it blew with fearful violence ; several

 thatched houses were nearly stripped; portions of the zinc roofing of

 Messrs Thomson's new factory were swept off and carried

 to a distance of several hundred yards ; chimney-stalks were thrown

 down, and trees uprooted. Many trees of Tullieboleð70 in one

 placeðwere uprooted or broken over."

 Died on 25th Dec, the Rev. A. W. Leslie, minister of the

 U.P.Church Milnathort, in the 42nd year of his ministry.

 John W. Williamson, Esq., presented his commission as

 Sheriff-Clerk for the county of Kinross, and was duly admitted; and

 at the same time was appointed Commissary Clerk.ð26th Dec.

 1849. Storm and spate. The north and south Queich rose to a great

 height ðso much so that the streams united at their nearest point of

 convergence on the Sabbath, in consequence of the South Queich over

 flowing its banks a little to the west of Burnbrae,

 finding its way in the north-east direction, by the back of Mawmill,

 until it joined the Stank Burn, which falls into the North

 Queichðhighest spate for 33 years past.ðJan. 7.

 A handsome 12-inch terrestrial globe, presented to Mr Hogg,

 teacher of the Free School, Kinross, as a token of respect and

 gratitude.

 Batty's circus visited Kinross and gave a performanceðwell

 attended. April 24.

 "James Anderson, a boy while bird nestling on the high rocks to

 the west of the Rumbling Bridge, lost his hold and fell upwards of a

 hundred feet, into the Devon. When taken up life was quite

 extinct."ðMay.

 Musical Entertainment at Miln-athort.ðRoy's Musical Association

 gave an entertainment in the U.P.Church Milnathort on April 15th,

 which was well attended and gave general satisfaction. A selection

 from the Gabious (See Muses Threnodie) of Mr Paton of Dun

 fermline was shown, to the great amusement of the audience.

 Died, on 20th May, at the Free Church Manse, Portmoak, the Rev.

 Hugh Laird, D.D., in the 86th year of his age and 65th of his

 ministry.

 EpidemicsðThe last few weeks have been remarkable in Kinross,

 &c., for the prevalence of small-pox, scarlet fever, and measles

 among the young. Very few families have been exempted from some one

 of their scourges.ðJune.

 Coaching,ðMr Stocks, on July 27, announced by advertisement,

 that he had purchased an omnibusðthe Lochleven Castle ð constructed

 to carry 10 inside passengers and 7 out; and would henceforth leave

 Mr Walker's hotel, Milnathort, in the mornings at 6ho. 5

 for Burntisland ðpassing through Kinross at 6ho 15. Mr Rennie

 announced that his coachðthe Fair Maidðwould leave Mr James Glass's

 Inn, Milnathort at 6 o'clock morning and would arrive at the

 Salutation Hotel Kinross at 6ho.15 from Burntisland, and that bo

 th conveyances would leave Burntisland, for the return journey, after

 the arrival of the 5ho. 8 boat, in the evening from Granton.

 Died, on 20th May, at the U.P. Manse, Kinross, the Rev. James

 Hay, D.D., in the 80th year of his age, and the 55th of his ministry.

 Kinross-shire Horticultural Society's Exhibition in the Town

 Hall.ðJuly 12.

 "Mr Templeton gave a ministrel entertainment in the Town

 Hallðwell attended.

 Messrs Richardson visited Kinross and gave a classical concert

 in the Town Hall, when their performances on rock, bell steel band,

 and Swiss bells gave great satisfaction.ð Aug.

 Aldie Show of Cattle held in a field near Aldie Castle, on 13th

 Aug. Several prizes were awarded. After the exhibition, the judges

 and a number of their friendsðnumbering about 10ðpartook of a

 "farmer's dinner," viz., beef and broth, in Aldie CastleðWm.

 Menzies, Esq., factor, in the chair. Messrs Cameron, Dalkeith, and

 Hay, Balleave, acted as croupiers.

 Games at DraughtsðJames Wylie, "the Herd Laddie," visited

 Kinross and played several games with the draught hands of Kinross

 and Milnathort. The Laddie showed his superiority as usual ; Thomas

 Dott, of Kinross, and Lawrence Grieg, Milnathort, were nearly

 his equal. ðSept.

 The celebrated Madame Castaglioni gave a grand evening concert

 in the Town Hall of Kinross on Monday evening, 1st Oct.

 Cholera.ðNo cases of this fatal scourge occurred in Kinrossða

 few in Milnathort.

 Tee-total Lectures.ðMr Edward Grubb delivered a course of

 lectures on teetotalism in the first United Presbyterian Church,

 KinrossðOct.

 One of Halse's Medical Batteries, procured by a number of the

 working men of Kinross, given in charge of Mr Marshall, saddler, who

 has already succeeded in effecting wonderful curesðOct.

 Mr Ferguson delivered a lecture on popular astronomy in the Town

 Hall on Thursday evening, 27th Dec. illustrated with transparencies.

 A musical concert was held in the District Schoolroom, Carnbo,

 on Friday, 30th Dec. The company broke up highly gratified with the

 night's entertainment.

 1850. "The Kinross-shire Advertiser," which had been since its

 commencement in Feb. 1847, in quarto form of 8 pages, altered, with

 the commencement of this year, into a folio size of 4 pages.

 Public dinner in the Town Hall, Kinross, given by the woollen

 manufacturers and spinners of Kinross and Milnathort to a party of

 their friends and a number of their customers in Edinburgh, Glasgow,

 &c.ðJan 18th.

 James Wylie, "the herd laddie," in Kinross. Several games at

 draughts played. Thomas Dott got the length of several draws, and

 took two of them, T. G. Shand succeeded in getting one.

 Mr Begg, parochial schoolmaster of Kinross, was on Feb. 21st

 presented with a gold watch, chain, &c., by a number of his former

 pupils in token of their regard for him. A public supper was given to

 Mr Begg on the occasion of the presentation. The followi

 ng inscription is engraved on the watch-case :ð

 Presented to Mr Robert Burns Begg, Parochial Schoolmaster,

 Kinross, by a number of his former pupils, as a token of gratitude

 for the zeal and fidelity with which he discharged the duties of

 their teacher, and as a mark of respect for his private worthð2

 1st February,1850.

 Mr John Miller, a veteran curler, presented to the Kinross

 Curling Club several M.S. papers upwards of 100 years old, ragarding

 the club. The members of the Curling Club, in return for his

 kindness, presented him with a pair of silver spectaclesðFeb.

 Mr Anderson, parochial schoolmaster, Orwell, was entertained to

 a public dinner on 20th March, on the occastion of his having

 completed the 50th year of teacher of the parish.

 Professor Anderson, "the great wizard of the North," gave two

 entertainments in his pavilion erected in the Hayfieldpark ðcrowded

 audiences.

 "Smuggling apparatus" seized by the revenue officer and

 assistants at Turfmoor on the estate of CraigowðJuly.

 Gymnastic games for trials of agility, strength, skill, &c.,

 institutedðJuly.

 Rev. G. M. Middleton ordained minister of the first U.P

 Church,Kinrossð12th

 Sept.

 Balloon found on 6th Oct. on the farm of Wester Coldrain, made

 of oiled tissue paper, 10 feet in height, 5 in diameter at great

 swell, and 15 in circumference. It had been set afloat at Glasgow on

 the previous day.

 Jubilee Service and Presentation at Balgedie in commemoration of

 the 50th year of the existence of the U.P. Church at Balgedie, and as

 a mark of respect of their pastor. On the occasion a handsome silver

 tea service was presented to Rev. Dr Mackelvie by

 the members of the congregation, &c.; as also a silver salver from

 the young, attending the Rev. Doctor's Sabbath School. The tea

 service has the following inscription engraved on the most

 conspicuous article:ð

 "Presented to the Rev. William Mackelvie, D.D., by the members

 of the United Presbyterian Congregation, Balgedie, as a testimonial

 of their high estimate of the fidelity and zeal with which he

 habitually discharges his ministerial duties amongst them. Oc

 t. 16th. 1850.

 And on the Salver:ð

 "Presented to the Rev. William Mackelvie D.D., by the young

 people attending his Sabbath School and weekday classes, as a

 testimonial of their respect and gratitude for his zealous and

 unreserved labours to promote their spiritual welfare. 16th Oct. 1850

 .

 Rev. D. Young ordained minister of the U.P. Church,

 MilnathortðNov 14th.

 Two boys drowned in Lochleven within 30 yards of the shore. No

 assistance at the moment could be rendered them, and when reached

 shortly after the occurrence they were found lifeless.

 1851. The Census ð Population of the parish of Kinross 3227;

 Cleish, 659 ; Orwell, 2569; Portmoak, 1550; parts of the parishes of

 Arngask, Forgandenny, and Fossoway and Tullibole, lying in the county

 of Kinross, 919; total population of the county, 8924 s

 ouls.

 A lithographic plan of "Kinross Old Churchyard" published by Mr

 Flockhart of AnnafrechðAug. 1851.

 General Morison, M.P. for the counties of Kinross and

 Clackmannan, diedð11th May.

 Mr Johnston elected M.P. for the counties of Kinross and

 Clackmannanð11th June.

 Carnbo and Tillochie Quoiting Club "sent a challenge for trial

 of strength and sleight of hand" to their brethren of the

 Auchterarder club. "The lads of the Carnbo and Tillochie club came

 off victorious."

 Cook's Equestrian Circus Company arrived in Kinross on July 25.

 They erected their unique marquee in a park adjoining Kinross Glebe,

 and gave two entertainmentsðattendance very limited.

 Rev. Dr Duff, India Missionary, visited Milnathort on Aug 4, and

 addressed a large meeting in the Free Church there.

 John Young, alias the Chancellor, committed suicide in Kinross

 prison ðSept.

 The second U.P. Church, Kinross (Rev. Mr Leishman's) entirely

 renewed in the interior; the expense defrayed by a lady of the

 congregation ðSept.

 The sum of £40 contributed towards defraying the expense of

 erecting a sepulchral monument to the memory of the late Rev. Dr

 HayðOct.

 A handsome eight-day time-piece was presented to the second U.P.

 Church by J. Leishman, Esq., W.S. EdinburghðOct.

 "Death of a Wealthy Labourer". On the 17th October died Murdoch

 Munro, Kelty Bridge, aged 74. It seems that he was a "most miserable

 miser." After his death on his apartment being searched, there were

 found a deposit receipt on the Bank of Scotland, Edin

 burgh, for £790, £213 6s in one pound and guinea notes ; in his

 chest, £34 9s in silver and 1s 01/2d in copperðin all £1037 16s

 01/2d.

 Lindsay in his "Supplement to the Coinage of Scotland," notes

 "In a moss near Kinross was found (this year) a hoard of from 700 to

 800 Roman Denarii. There were of Galba (one), Otho (two), Titus,

 Trajan, Hadrain, Antoninus Pius, Faustina, senr; Marcus Au

 relius, Faustina, junr; Commodus, and Severus, mostly poor coins; the

 Galba Reverse Roma, Renase, being by far the best." (Galba was the

 Roman Caesar in A.D. 68, and Severus A.D. 197.)

 The same authority states that in Oct. this year, "A boy whilst

 reaping in the parish of Portmoak, turned up a Roman coin with the

 point of his hook; on further search upwards of 600 Roman denarii

 were found all lying close together, as if they had been

 enclosed in a bag, and at depth of only three or four inches from the

 surface. At the same spot an iron sword, and a beautiful but

 imperfect silver ornament, thought to have formed the crest of a

 helmetð the series extending from Nero to Severus both incl

 usiveðand it is thought to have formed the treasure of a soldier in

 the Northern expedition of Sept. Severus, A.D.208. The coins are

 described at full length in the proceedings of the Society of

 Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. 1st p. 60.

 A young man for many years in the employment of Whyte, flesher

 Kinross, committed suicide by drowning himself in Bowton pond. A

 large stone was found wrapped in his plaid, in order the more

 effectually to accomplish his purpose ðNov.

 The town Fire Engine thoroughly repaired. The Steeple Committee

 appeal to proprietors and men of business for a liberal subscription

 to defray the expensesðDec.

 Lochleven.ðThe loch water at a very low ebb in Nov. and

 Dec.ðabout 4 feet below its usual levelðmill owners &c., greatly in

 want of water for their mills.

 The Subscription School, Milnathort, discovered to be on fire on

 Dec. 25thðthe rafters and furniture destroyed.

 1852. Great Spateð"On 8th January there occurred a great spate in

 Kinross, unequalled for the last 36 years. The Great North Road

 immediately to the south end of the bridge was flooded to a depth of

 3 feet. The street and road leading to the myre was cove

 red with water to a considerable depth, and the residenters in the

 locality had to move to upper apartments or garrets for safety. The

 Queich diverged from its ordinary course near Heatheryford, and

 forced its way through the Haugh park, and had it not be

 en for the elevation of the road at the place known as "Jockstaups

 Brig," it would have flooded the field of 'Blinkhuilly,' mentioned in

 Sir Walter's Novel."

 The house of Mr Walker, innkeeper, Milnathort, was on the night

 of January 17th broken into by thieves, evidently of the

 ante-temperance movement brigade, as they moved off with about £20

 worth of prime whisky.

 The wooden bridge over the South Queich, leading to Balleave,

 was carried away during a storm of wind on Jan. 17th. It sustained

 great damage by the spate of the 8th.

 Great depression in the weaving trades of Kinross, Milnathort,

 &c. ðð January.

 Presentation. ððThe Rev. D. Campbell, minister of Fossoway, had

 presented to him Feb. 9, by his Sunday Scholars, an elegant silver

 snuff-box, on which the following inscription is engraved:ð

 Presented by his Sabbath School Class to Rev. Duncan Campbell,

 minister of Fossoway, as a small tribute of their affectionate

 gratitude for his unwearied exertions to promote their spiritual

 interest. 9th Feb, 1852.

 Presentation ð Mr James Small, overseer of Messrs Thomson & Co's

 works, Kinross, was presented with a handsome family bible, a writing

 desk, and a silver chain, as a token of esteem ð March.

 A public meeting of the members of "The Kinross Wheaten Bread

 Society" held in the Town Hall on 9th March. Object: to secure a shop

 for their bread seller. Afterwards a motion was made to dissolve the

 society which was carried by a majority, but ultimate

 ly it was resolved to let the matter lie over until next meeting.

 The warehouse of Mr Hugh Forfar, Milnathort, broken into on 17th

 March, and about 22 stones of yarn carried off value £38.

 Considerable excitement in Milnathort in consequence of repeated

 thefts. (On 17th Jan. and 17th March.)

 Presentation ð Mr Gentle, Parochial Schoolmaster, Fossoway, was

 on March 30th presented with a handsome silver snuff box, and a purse

 containing upwards of 23 sovereigns, as a token of their regard for

 him. (Followed by a supper.)

 Gold Diggings on the Lomonds. _ Great excitement prevailed in

 the early part of May, in consequence of it being reported that gold

 had been found on the Lomond Hill, on the western face of the hill,

 overlooking Lochleven. For days persons from all parts

 of the country were seen travelling to the Lomonds. The hill was

 dotted with hundreds eager to try their "prentice haun" at digging.

 Tents, &c., were erected on the hill. The hill presented the

 appearance, for several days, of an immense public fair being

 held. The mania suddenly collapsed on it being found that the

 "sparkling particles" dug out turned out on an analysis, to be

 Bisulphuret of Iron." (See 1862)

 Reading Room for Kinross. "A public meeting was held in the Town

 Hall to consider the propriety of establishing a public reading-room

 in Kinross. Resolution to establish one was carried and about £20

 subscribed toward it." ð May.

 The U.P. Churches of Kinross, Milnathort, Balgedie, Edenshead,

 and Pathstruie, disjoined from the Presbytery with which they had

 hitherto been connected, and formed into a separate presbytery under

 the above title ðMay 25.

 A curious dish or basin found on the banks of Lochleven, near a

 place called Roy's Folly, near to where the keys of the castle were

 found in 1805. It is shaped like a large bowl or water-stand basin,

 is about 31/2 inches in circumference, and 11/2 deep;

 the composition seems to be copper and brass, and has a singular

 tinkling sound when struck. It is in excellent preservation, and the

 general impression is that it is the Baptismal Font Dish of the

 ancient chapel of Lochleven Castle. It is at present in t

 he possession of Mr Watson, Kinross.

 Constituency of Kinross taken this year found to be 574.

 A meeting of the subscribers to the Kinross Reading Room was

 held in the Free Church School on the evening of June 9th, to make

 arrangements for having the institution open immediately. The

 following newspapers and publications for the reading room were

 agreed upon, viz., The Times, Illustrated London News, The Athenaeum,

 Leeds Mercury, Edinburgh Evening Courant, Scotsman, Caledonian

 Mercury, Glasgow Herald, Punch, Perthshire Advertiser, Fifeshire

 Journal, Fife Herald, Kinross-shire Advertiser, the two A

 lloa papers, the Dunfermline Journal, Chamber's Journal, Hogg's

 Instructor, &c.

 Presentation.ðA gold watch and appendages presented to the Rev.

 Mr Middleton on the evening of August 24. The following inscription

 is on the case of the watch :ð

 "Presentation to the Rev. George Marshall Middleton, by the

 members and adherents of the First United Presbyterian Congregation

 of Kinross, as a mark of their esteem and respect for him as their

 pastor. August 24, 1852."

 Splendid banquet in honour of W.P. Adam, Esq., younger of

 Blairadam, given in Kirkland's Hotel, Kinross ð about 100 gentlemen

 present ð Aug.27.

 Presentation ðThe Rev. Mr Peters, minister of the parish of

 Kinross, was on Oct. 20th, presented with an elegant hot water jug,

 of the value of £70 on which is engraved the following inscription:ð

 "Presented to the Rev. William Peters M.A., minister of the

 parish of Kinross, by a grateful people, in testimony of their sense

 of his faithful and efficient services as their pastor. 20th October,

 1852.

 Theatricals ð Mr Bryer and his talented company in

 Kinrossðmoderately attended ðOctober.

 The shops and places of business in Kinross, Milnathort, &c.,

 closed after 2 o'clock on Thursday, 18th Nov., as a tribute of

 respect to the memory of the departed warrior, His Grace the Duke of

 Wellington, on this the day of his funeral in St Paul's Cath

 edral, London. The steeple bell tolled at intervals between 2 and 3

 o'clock.

 Trade, &c., in Kinross very bad; a great many weavers idle, and

 a cheerless winter in prospect. The woollen trade in Milnathort

 reported to be in a very prosperous state.

 Tailoring in Kinross for the Australian market. Mr Laing,

 tailor, has from some time past been executing orders in making suits

 of clothes for Australia. The demand on him has been so great that he

 can scarcely keep up the supply required.

 1853. Kinross Savings Bank. The amount in this bank to the credit

 of the depositors reported to be £50 more than it was in Jan. 1852.

 Milnathort Corn Market Dinner was held on 23rd Feb. in Mr

 Walker's Inn, when 47 attended.

 Jubilee Services and Presentation at Kinross, on the occasion of

 the Rev. Mr Leishman entering upon the 50th year of his ministry, in

 second U.P. Church, Kinross, on 22nd March, when the following as a

 testimonial were presented to him:ð "A Silver tea-se

 rvice ð consisting of a tea-pot, sugar basin, jug and salver, along

 with a silver snuff-box, and a purse of sovereigns. On the service

 and snuff-box are the following inscriptions:ð

 Presented to the Rev. Robert Leishman by the attached people of

 his charge, on entering the fiftieth year of his ministry, in token

 of their affectionate regard for him personally, and of their sense

 of their value of his service, as a faithful minister

 of the Gospel of Christ. Kinross, 22nd March, 1853.

 Presentation.ðThe Kinross Dyeing company, on 26th March,

 presented a handsome silver snuff-box to Mr William Beveridge,

 manufacturer, Kinross, on which is engraven as follows:-

 Presented to Mr William Beveridge, manufacturer, Kinross, by the

 Kinross Dyeing Company, in testimony of their respect for him as a

 private individual and partner of the company, and for his useful and

 efficient services as their treasurer. Kinross 25th

 March, 1853.

 Aldie.ðHuman Skeleton Found.ð As some workmen were cutting

 drains in one of the low fields on the estate of Aldie, below the

 castle, they came upon the remains of a human being, the skull, part

 of the teeth, and a number of the ribs, in good preservation

 . When found the skeleton lay face downward, about 3 feet from the

 surface. The whole of the low grounds on the south side of Aldie

 estate, and along the north side of Cleish Hills, were at one time a

 lake, and it has been supposed, as the skeleton was fo

 und within the old margin of the lake, that he may have been

 accidentally drowned in it. If this theory be correct, the skeleton

 must have lain where it was found for a great many centuries.

 Kinross steeple repairingðthe slating renovated and vane

 re-giltðMay.

 Died, in May, "Katie Daw," or Catherine Dall or Christy,

 bell-ringer of Kinross for 39 years, which she performed very

 punctually. She was in the 73rd year of her age, and was quite a

 public char-acter.

 The watch-house in the Old Church Yard repaired and finished.

 Expense defrayed by public subscription and a donation from the

 heritors.

 Local Improvements.ðNew houses erecting, more especially by Mr

 Brough, draper, fronting head of Graham Street. In Mill Street, a

 handsome building is in course of erection by Mr Beveridge, baker

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